Types of Fevers and Their Symptoms - EDU

Types of Fevers and Their Symptoms

When mercury rises it is cause for concern!! I am not talking about the weather but about fever that’s common. Fever in it self is not a disease but a sign of an underlying malady. Bringing the fever down is important, but treating the infection is vital

Fevers broadly fall into three categories.
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Viral Fevers
  • Parasitic Fevers

Bacterial Infections:

High fever with cough, sputum and shortness of breath, are typical symptoms of respiratory tract infections. Urinary tract infections cause high fever with chills and rigour. Frequent urination accompanied by a burning sensation or discomfort in the abdomen are additional symptoms. In the case of infections of skin or soft tissue swelling occurs in the affected region, while fever associated with vomiting, loose stools with mucus or blood and abdominal pain point out to gastrointestinal infection. These infections need antibiotic treatment.

Viral Fevers:

Dengue: Highfever accompanied by severe headache, body pains, backache and joint pains mark this disease. A red rash can also occur. In rare cases the platelet count decreases and lead to bleeding episodes, known as dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Chikunguniya: It is almost like dengue but less dangerous. Severe joint pains may last for weeks and months.
Viral hepatitis A or E: Patients have low grade fever. Appetite decreases due to nausea and yellow discolouration in the eyes can be seen on the 4th day.

Parasitic fevers: 

Malaria: Patients suffer from high fever with chills and rigour. As soon as the fever subsides the sweating is profuse. Headaches and body pains is common and the fever can sometime lead to anaemia and jaundice.
Filaria: Temperatures can go up to 103-104F with chills and rigour. Pain and swelling in the groin and lower limbs is observed.
Typhoid: High grade fever with headache and body pains. The patient may also have persistentcough , constipation or diarrhoea.
Viral and parasitic fevers can be identified through requisite tests. While viral hepatitis and typhoid are caused by contaminated water and food the rest are caused by mosquito bite. All these can be prevented by taking the needed precautions.

  • Avoid drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen and dyclofenac as they can cause gastrointestinal side-effects and affect the platelet count.
  • Bacterial fevers respond to antibiotic treatment. Viral fevers don’t.
  • All fevers don’t respond immediately to medication. Viral fevers take a week’s time to resolve.
  • Vaccines are available for typhoid and Viral hepatitis A
  • Infants below one-year need to be sponged to bring the fever down. High fever in infants can cause fits.

1 comment:

  1. Can fever continued with a gap of a week or 10 days , for three four time within two months