December 2015 - You visit

HRD considering aptitude test to help students in their career choice

HRD considering aptitude test to help students in their career choice

In a move to help students choose realistic career goals and tackle parental pressure, the Centre is planning an aptitude test for class 11 and 12.
The HRD ministry, sources said, is ready to set up a National Testing Service (NTS), a body that will conduct a test similar to Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) which would include questions on numerical, verbal and diagrammatic reasoning.
Initially, the test will be conducted for class 11 and 12 students and later introduced for those in class 9 and 10, sources said. The move comes three months after Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Teachers’ Day address to students in September said aptitude certificate would replace the character certificates in schools soon.
On the lines of US-based Educational Testing Service (ETS), the largest educational testing and assessment organisation that conducts various tests like GRE and TOEFL in US and abroad, the government will set up the NTS that will develop and conduct the aptitude test for students from 2017-18 academic session.
Sources in the ministry said a meeting comprising all stakeholders including various higher education institutions (IITs and NITs), regulatory bodies (CBSE and AICTE) and educationists is planned in January to chart out the way to set up NTS.

The move is based on the recommendations of the Ashok Mishra committee report that said SAT type test would help students determine whether they are suitable for engineering/medical examinations or not.
“It is believed that the SAT examination is a very good measure of the aptitude of students that get into leading universities and institutes in USA. SAT is very well tried and tested system and has shown excellent correlation with the ability of students to succeed in college,” the committee in its recommendations had said.
The committee was set up in October this year with a mandate to recommend ways to overhaul the IIT JEE examination system so as to reduce the pressure on students and also reduce their dependence on coaching centres.
It was a good idea to conduct the test as not every child is meant to crack IIT JEE or medical entrance tests. In the current scenario parents force their child to take such examinations irrespective of his/her aptitude for it. The aptitude test will help the students as well their parents make an informed decision.
The test, the professor said, will also help parent save money on the coaching centres. “Parents spend their hard earned money on sending their children to coaching factories in Kota even if he/she is not meant for the engineering stream.”
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Education and Career After 10th, SSC

Education and Career After 10th, SSC


Most of the students completing their 10th standard are confused about deciding a right career path. Selecting the right course after class X is not an easy task. For a successful career, careful planning and following it up with a workable plan is needed.  Career exploration, knowledge about one’s own self, decision making ability, future goals are some among the essential elements needed for a successful career planning. For deciding a potential career, one can also attend educational fairs, career guidance seminars that allow you to get in touch with several institutes and courses. They should have a persistent focus towards his or her goal and can seek the help of their teachers, parents and elders.

To obtain a strong foundation for further studies like graduation and post graduation, a good option after 10th is studying +2 or PUC. The selection of the streams in +2 depends upon the student’s aptitude, grade and marks. But the most important factor is one's keen interest in the subject and the purpose for selecting the course. 

The streams available in the PUC level are:

1.            Science Stream with Mathematics / Biology / Computer / Bio-Math
2.            Commerce Stream
3.            Arts or Humanities Stream

If you are selecting science stream, you have an option to come back to commerce or arts field after PUC. There are lot of options available for students of science stream. They can either take up conventional courses such as engineering, medical, management etc. or go for many other upcoming options in the present scenario. If you are selecting commerce stream in PUC, you can have the option of taking courses in arts field at a later stage but cannot go for science field.

Some other career options after 10th are -

Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Industrial Training Centres (ITCs) :

Constituted under Ministry of Labour, Union Government of India, Government-run ITIs and privately-run ITCs are training organizations which provide training in technical field. ITI courses are designed to impart basic skills needed for a specified trade like electrician, machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder etc. and depending upon trade, the duration of course may vary from one year to three years. After passing the course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry. A National Trade Certificate (NTC) in provided by NCVT (National Council for Vocational training) in the concerned trade and to obtained this certificate one has to qualify the All India Trade Test (AITT). These people can find job openings in government sectors like Indian Railways, telecom departments etc. after qualifying a written examination.

Indian Army : 

After matriculation, one can join in Indian Army to the posts of soldiers in technical trade through written exams like Indian Army Soldier Clerks Examination, Indian Army Soldier General Duty (N.E.R.) Examination, Indian Army Soldier Technical (M.E.R.) Examination, Indian Army Soldier Nursing Assistants (M.E.R.) Examination etc.

Indian Navy: 

Job opportunities are available in Indian Navy as Dock Yard Apprentices, Sailors, Artificer Apprentices, etc. on the basis of written examination.

Police Force: 

On the basis of physical test and written test, one can join as constable (tradesmen) in Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts clerk’s grade examination for those who passed matriculation. For those who interested in teaching field can undergo training in diploma course for nursery and primary teachers conducted by the departments of primary education in various States. Students can join for 3 year engineering diploma courses in polytechnics. Several job oriented short term courses are available in IT sector and other fields like web designing, animation, fashion designing etc. Apart these, there are so many options, especially self employment opportunities are available for the school leavers depending upon their expertise.

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As life is becoming fast, busy and hectic day-by-day, people are looking for a stress-free lifestyle and are flocking to spas and wellness clinics. This has increased the global value of wellness industry and has boosted up the requirement for professionals in the field. 

Spa therapy has been practiced since ancient times for its healing properties. It is a good solution to relax and relieve the rising stress, stress-related ailments, anxiety and exhaustion of everyday life.

Spa / massage therapists are professionally qualified practitioners who deliver a variety of therapies and body care treatments such as massage, body wraps, body scrubs, therapeutic baths etc. It is the Spa Therapists, who provide therapeutic benefits to reduce stress alleviate muscle aches and pains and help to improve the overall well being of their clients. Besides massaging, some therapists provide skin-care and aesthetic services like facials, manicures, pedicures, waxing, makeup, nail treatments, aromatherapy, reflexology, electrotherapy, hydrotherapy etc.

A spa therapist helps people to relax from their stressful life situations. A good spa therapist should know exactly why a certain spa treatment is given. A therapist should be able to present his/ her expertise in a convincing way to the customer. Before initiating a session, a spa/ massage therapist should learn each client's medical history and any physical conditions they need to pay special attention to or avoid. 

Spa/ Message therapy is a mini hospitality industry with plethora of career options. It is a career that offers tremendous growth potential along with good pay package, stress-free work environment and opportunities to work abroad. 


Spa education helps one to develop their healing skills and offer a wide range of job and business opportunities to students. There is no specific educational qualification required to enter into this profession. These courses train students with skills necessary to provide the best in massage and spa therapy by making them aware about the basic physiology and anatomy of the human body.

Several institutes in India, especially in Kerala offer professional courses in massage and spa therapy, ranging from short term certificate course, diploma to post graduate diploma courses and more. Aspiring candidates after 10 +2 can do Diploma/ Certificate courses and can become a spa therapist. The duration of these courses vary with the institute, which is from 1 month to 6 months. In some institutes, these courses are offered for a short-term period of 15 days to 1 month. 


List of Institutes conducting Spa / Massage Therapy courses

  • Advance Diploma in Spa Management
  • Advanced Spa and Beauty Theraphy
  • Basic Spa and Beauty Theraphy
  • Business Ethics and Management of a Spa and Salon
  • Certificate Course in Spa Therapy
  • Certificate in Spa Therapy, Management and Operations
  • Diploma in Ayurveda Panchakarma and International Spa Therapy
  • Diploma in Beauty Therapies and Ayurvedic Spa
  • Diploma in Holistic Spa Therapy
  • Diploma in International Spa Therapy
  • Diploma in Professional Spa Therapy
  • Diploma in Spa Management
  • Diploma in Spa Massage
  • Diploma in Spa Therapy and Management
  • International Spa Therapy Course
  • Master Diploma in Spa Management
  • Online SPA Therapy and Management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Spa Therapies and Management
  • Spa Body Therapy
  • Spa Ed certified Therapist

Spa therapy is all about customer satisfaction and one can earn name and reputation in the field on the basis of the number of clients. The remuneration of spa therapists mainly depends on factors such as experience, qualifications, location and type of practice. In the beginning, a fresh Graduate Spa therapist can earn a monthly salary in the range of Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 14,000 approximately. Experienced persons can earn upto Rs. 20,000 per month. Those progresses to management position can earn Rs. 30,000 to 80,000 per month or more. After few years of experience they can earn upto Rs.1 lakhs per month. Spa therapists with own clinics usually earn a good income than those working on hourly wages. The Spa therapists with good reputation can get number of clients on a day-to-day basis and they can achieve good profits.
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