People of Rajasthan - EDU

People of Rajasthan

                                                                Rajasthan People Lifestyle

In olden days, the profession of the people decided their caste. This system has now been broken. Today, individuals have the freedom to opt for any profession irrespective of caste. The profession based caste system has now been transformed into birth-based caste system. People of various castes and sub-castes reside in Rajasthan.
The Rajputs, who were the rulers of most of the erstwhile princely states of Rajasthan, form a major group of residents of Rajasthan. Rajputs are generally stoutly built people of good height. The Rajputs generally worshipped the Sun, Shiva, and Vishnu. Vedic religion is still followed by the Rajputs. All the auspicious and inauspicious activities are done in accordance to the Vedic traditions.
The other castes found in Rajasthan are as folows:
Brahmins : Their main occupation was worshipping and performance of religious rites.
Vaishya : These people generally took up business as their source of livelihood. These days they are settled in every nook and corner of the country.
There is a large group of agricultural castes to be found in Rajasthan.These people depend on Agriculture for thier livelihood. Some of these castes are Jat,Gurjar,Mali, Kalvi etc.
Irrespective of the birth-based caste system, each individual is free to follow the profession / occupation as per choice, in modern Rajasthan.
Many tribes are also found in different parts of Rajasthan. These tribes have their own social systems and customs.Some of the commonly known tribs are Meena, Bhil, Garasia, Kanjar.

The religion and costumes of the tribes vary. They each have their own religion, costumes and profession.The religion followed by Rajasthanis, in general, is the Hindu religion.Various other religions are also prevalent.
Some of these religions are:

Jain Religion: the Jains follow the teachings of Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara. Mahavira stressed on the practice Non-violence.
Sikh Religion :Over time,there has been a considarable increase in the number of followers of Sikh religion. The sikhs belive in formless God and worship their holy book 'Guru Granth Sahib'.
Some other major religions that are followed are Buddishm, Islam, Chirstianity, Parsi religion.

The study of the people of Rajasthan is incomplete without the knowledge of costumes and ornaments. The costumes of the present have the reflections of the costumes of the past. .
Both males and females dress in the customary dresses fully influenced by climate, economy, status and the profession, they are engaged. The traditional dresses being Potia, Dhoti, Banda, Angrakhi, Bugatari, Pachewara, Khol, Dhabla, amongst Hindus; and Tilak, Burga, Achkan amongst Muslims which fast changing now with Bushirt, Salwar and Skirts, Saris and Pants accordingly. Turbans the head dress of Rajasthan is a differential pattern of each geographical region designed to its terrain and climatic influence. Clothes express ones personality and tell people which village and caste they belong.                 

All  over  Rajasthan   the bandhni, tie-dye sari and turban reign supreme.
The common dress of the women constitutes (i) Sari or Odhani, (ii) Kanchli or Kunchuki or Choli (iii) Ghaghra or Ghaghri or Lahanga Besides, the women of high status and ranks wear dupatta and patka. The use of chappals or sandals or jutees is also common but   ladies    of high families use coloured sandals studded with gold threads and stars.Thus, it is concluded that the costumes of women are very colourful and fascinating.


He use of ornaments dates back to the prehistoric times with  the passage of time new designs and varieties replace the old ones but still there  are ornaments which were used in the past and are still used in the present.
Both men and women wear ornaments but with the passage of time, men are giving up their use. The ornaments of gold and silver are more prevalent in Rajasthan. There are certain ornaments which are used by men.
In daily use the ladies wear normal ornaments of neck, hand, nose and ear but on special occasions and social functions women wear all the ornaments of to look beautiful and attractive.For its exquisite designs and delicacy of art Rajasthan jewelry is a rage not only for ladies in India but also for women of foreign countires.

Festivals of Rajasthan

The people of Rajasthan enjoy several festivals with lots of gusto and fervor. Numerous fairs also keep the people occupied throughout the year. Animal fairs are part of the lives of the people of Rajasthan. Dancing, drama, singing and music enthrall all the visitors in Rajasthan. 
Some of the more important fairs and festivals are the Desert Festival of 
Jaisalmer (January- February), 
Pushkar Fair, held in Pushkar, near 
Ajmer (November), 
Gangaur Festival, Jaipur (March- April ),
 Elephant Festival, 
Jaipur (March- April ), 
Marwar Festival, 
Jodpur (October), 
Camel Festival, 
Bikaner (January), 
Mewar Festival, Udaipur.  

List of Festivals in Rajasthan

  • Desert Festival of Jaisalmer
  • Pushkar Fair
  • Elephant Festival
  • Bikaner Camel Festival
  • Mewar Festival
  • Marwar Festival
  • Baneshwar Fair
  • Nagaur Fair
  • Teej
  • Diwali
  • Karva Chauth
  • Navratri
  • Kallaji Ka Mela
  • Karni Mata Mela
  • Kota dussera
  • Sitabari fair
  • Bundi Utsav
  • Chandrabhaga Fair 
  • Jaipur Literature festival
  • Alwar Festival
  • Brij Festival
  • Elephant Festival
  • Khatu Shyamji
  • Shekhawati Festival
  • Gangaur Festival    

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